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Monday, October 17, 2011

Etymology for MAX Seniors



1.    Fill in the gaps with the following words; contiguous, estimated, possesses, comprising, bordered, situated, diverse.

USA

The United States of America (also called the United States, the States, the U.S., the USA, and America) is a federal constitutional republic ………… fifty states and a federal district. The country is ……… mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight ………….states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, ……………by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to the east and Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also ……….. several territories in the Pacific and Caribbean.
At 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km2) and with over 312 million people, the United States is the third or fourth largest country by total area, and the third largest by both land area and population. It is one of the world's most ethnically ………. and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries. The U.S. economy is the world's largest national economy, with an ……….. 2010 GDP of $14.53 trillion.

2.    Fill in the gaps with the following words; produced, treaties, adopted, cartographer, unanimous, navigator, derived

Etymology

In 1507, German …..…... Martin Waldseemüller …….….  a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere "America" after Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, ….…… and cartographer. The Americas are generally believed to have ………. their name from the feminized Latin version of his first name. The former British colonies first used the country's modern name in the 1776 Declaration of Independence, the "………. Declaration of the thirteen united States of America". On November 15, 1777, the Second Continental Congress ………… the Articles of Confederation, which states, "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America.'" The Franco-American ………… of 1778 used "United States of North America", but from July 11, 1778, "United States of America" was used on the country's bills of exchange, and it has been the official name ever since. 

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