Monday, April 9, 2012

Rendering Section for Commencement for MAX seniors

1.    Royal wedding watched by 24.5 million on terrestrial TV
More than 24million viewers in the UK watched the royal wedding on the BBC and ITV, industry body Barb estimates. The BBC said a peak figure of 20m - a 70% share - tuned into the corporation's coverage at the end of the service in Westminster Abbey. More than 34 million viewers watched at least part of the BBC's TV royal wedding coverage, it added. These figures include live iPlayer viewings.
Radio figures and US TV data will be released later.

2.    Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden dead – Obama
Al-Qaeda founder and leader Osama Bin Laden has been killed by US forces in Pakistan, President Obama has said. The al-Qaeda leader was killed in a ground operation outside Islamabad based on US intelligence, the first lead for which emerged last August. Mr. Obama said after "a firefight", US forces took possession of his body.

3.    Bin Laden was accused of being behind a number of atrocities, including the attacks on New York and Washington on 11 September 2001. He was top of the US "most wanted" list. Mr. Obama said it was "the most significant achievement to date in our nation's effort to defeat al-Qaeda". The US has put its embassies around the world on alert, warning Americans of the possibility of al-Qaeda reprisal attacks for Bin Laden's killing. Crowds gathered outside the White House in Washington DC, chanting "USA, USA" after the news emerged.

4.    Dozens of people have been injured in China in a petrol bomb attack on a bank, state news agency Xinhua reports. A disgruntled ex-employee at a rural bank in north-west Gansu province is said to have thrown the bomb into the building, reports say. Staffs were holding a morning meeting in the bank at the time of the attack.

5.    The attack took place at about 0800 local time (0000 GMT) at the bank in Wuwei city in Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County, local authorities said. The perpetrator was identified as former cashier Yang Xianwen, 39, who was fired last month for "embezzling bank money", reports quoted a government statement as saying.

6.    He fled the scene and a police hunt was reported to be under way. An eyewitness quoted by Xinhua said he saw some people throw themselves out of a fourth-floor window after the blast. Several people with burns were carried out of the building on stretchers.
7.    Xinhua said police and medical workers were at the scene and the street had been cordoned off. Xinhua initially said the blast had caused "significant deaths and injuries" but later issued a report saying the fire had led to dozens of injuries but no deaths.

8.    Japan's government has approved a plan to help Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco) compensate victims of the crisis at its tsunami-crippled nuclear plant. Payouts are expected to run into the tens of billions of dollars over the Fukushima nuclear plant breakdown. Government assistance could help Tepco, Asia's largest power utility, avoid bankruptcy.

9.    But Trade Minister Banri Kaieda said the government's plan to help Tepco was not meant as a rescue of the utility. The Fukushima plant was left severely damaged by the 11 March earthquake and subsequent tsunami. More than 80,000 local residents living within a 20km (12 mile) radius of the plant have been evacuated from their homes.

10. Agriculture and businesses have been hit and there is no timescale yet for allowing residents to return. The crisis has brought Tepco to the brink of ruin, and there has been concern about how the company would pay a massive compensation bill. Now Japan's government has agreed to use taxpayer's money to help - reports say more than $60bn.

11. Communities along the southern stretch of the Mississippi River are bracing for major floods as the crest of the swollen river moves downstream. In poverty stricken areas of the Mississippi delta, the river and its tributaries have washed away crops and forced people to leave their homes.

12. The state of Mississippi's riverfront gambling industry has also been hit, with all 19 casinos to shut this week. The flooding has badly affected Memphis and other cities further upstream. The flood crest has passed Memphis and is expected to move downstream toward New Orleans within the next three weeks, the National Weather Service said.

13. Goats are able to recognize the voices of their very young kids, and differentiate them from other animals' offspring, according to researchers. A mother goat is able to pick out her own baby from its voice alone by the time the kid is just five days old. Researchers from Queen Mary, University of London played recordings of kids' bleats to female goats and studied their responses. They report their findings in the journal Animal Cognition.

14. When two dolphin species come together, they attempt to find a common language, preliminary research suggests. Bottlenose and Guyana dolphins, two distantly related species, often come together to socialize in waters off the coast of Costa Rica. Both species make unique sounds, but when they gather, they change the way they communicate, and begin using an intermediate language. That raises the possibility the two species are communicating in some way.

15. Mongolian literary works of the early period are written in Old Mongol Script, Soyombo Script and Clear Script. The most outstanding, among them is “The Secret History of Mongols”. Translation and study of this famous work has been undertaken by Mongolian scholars and researchers, and specialists from Inner Mongolia, China, Japan, Russia, Germany, France, Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, The United States of America, and Australia.

16. “The Secret History of Mongols”, which is the oldest surviving Mongolian language literary works, consists of numerous episodes. It was written for the Mongol royal family some time after Genghis Khan's death in AD 1227, by an anonymous author and probably originally in the Uyghur script. It was published several times in Mongolian.

17. Mongolian fine arts are famous for its incredible paintings. For instance, cave paintings, aged 3-8 thousand years and found in The North Blue Cave, Khovd province, are considered the first works of art discovered in the territory of Mongolia. With the development of religious arts and architecture, in 16 to early 20th century, design of buildings acquired features of Buddhist temples.

18. Modern Mongolian music takes its origin in traditional Mongolian music, song, chanting and praise. The ritual dance with mask called “Tsam” plays a great role in the Buddhist religion. Tsam expresses its aim and idea by hands and legs dancing, hopping, and clapping that suits the secret rituals of Buddhist religion.

19. Tsam dance, which first appeared in India and passes through Tibet, had widely spread in Mongolia in the early 18th century. The dancing ceremony was held in Erdenezuu monastery for the first time in Mongolia. From 1811 to 1937, the Khuree Tsam was performed at the last month of each summer in Ikh Khuree.

20. Horse head fiddle is one of the national music instruments of nomadic culture. It has close connection to Urtiin duu (The Long dawn song) and Khoomii (Throat singing). They demand great skill and talent from singers in their breathing abilities and techniques and come from deep in the throat.

21. High Enlightened Zanabazar invented Soyombo. He was a great painter, sculptor, politician, and religious leader of Mongolia in the 17th century. His best known sculptures are bronze statues of Green and White Goddess Tara.

22. The first letter of Soyombo alphabet is an ideogram symbolizing the Mongols’ freedom and independence. In 1924, it was accepted as the country’s national emblem and depicted the national flag.

23. Mongolia is a land-locked in North East Asia and in the very heart of the continent bordering Russia and China. The vast expanse of the steppes, comprising unique  mountain ranges, the untouched pristine nature, the beauty and wonder of the scenery coupled with the nomadic lifestyle and renowned hospitality have been the major attraction for the country. Many areas still remained virtually unpopulated.

24. The Mongolian Government established the Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area in 1975. It is the fourth largest Biosphere Reserve in the world. The Gobi, which the country is covered by was the site of an ancient sea basin so it is a reserve of fossilized dinosaur bones and eggs. A complete dinosaur skeleton and eggs are exhibited at the Natural History Museum.

25. The Gobi is often imagined as a lifeless desert, similar to African desert. Many camel breeders, on the other hand, inhabit this zone as rich in wildlife and vegetation. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped Dromedary camel.

26. One of the most popular and well-known Mongolian art forms is the Zeegt appliqué, which is made by the artistic hands of women and craftsmen. This form of art is originated from III BC to I AD or from the felt stitched creations of the Khunnu Empire period, reached its peak of flourishing at the end of 1the 14th century. This work gets remarkable fully charming, colorful enchanting air full through color contrasting crafting and decorating it with silk, gold, silver, precious stones and gems.

27. The flora and fauna are rich with 136 species of mammals, 436 species of birds, and over 4 thousand species of plants in Mongolia. It also provides plenty of opportunities for fishing in rivers. Its crystal clear rivers host a number of sport fish including the Taimen, the largest freshwater fish on the earth. Other target species include the lenok, pike, Siberian whitefish, grayling, carp, osmen, catfish, and Asian whitefish.

28. In Gobi, there are some unique species of animals, such Gobi bear, and in steppe, there are also, such as Saiga antelope, black tailed gazelle, Siberian marmot and Przewalski horse. In the mountain ranges, there are snow leopard, wild mountain sheep, wildcat, wild ass, Asiatic ibex, wild boa, elk, lynx, and musk deer. And white-naped crane, otter, and beaver are in it.

29. The most important buildings of the compound are three main temples in the Edene Zuu. The Right Zuu contains images and portraits of deities and Goddess Taras, which related with the life and deeds of aged Buddha. The Main Zuu temple contains the divinities and is dedicated to the young lord Buddha. Divinities, displayed in the Left Zuu temple, are Bogd Lama and Lord Buddha.

30. After the breakdown of Mongol Empire, in the 17th century, in honor of Zanabazar, who was one of the lofty noblemen, new nomadic settlement was named Urga, a special monastery complex for him. This migrant city was established in 1639 as a large caravan of felt dwellings and moved from place to place several times, finally settled in 1778 at its present location. The fist State Congress convened in 1924 passed a decision on October 29 to rename it as Ulaanbaatar, legalizing its status as the capital of Mongolian People’s Republic.

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