menu

Wednesday, October 2, 2013

Pronunciation Guide



Consonants
p
pen
/pen/
b
bad
/bæd/
t
tea
/tiː/
d
did
/dɪd/
k
cat
/kæt/
ɡ
get
/ɡet/
chain
/tʃeɪn/
jam
/dʒæm/
f
fall
/fɔːl/
v
van
/væn/
θ
thin
/θɪn/
ð
this
/ðɪs/
s
see
/siː/
z
zoo
/zuː/
ʃ
shoe
/ʃuː/
ʒ
vision
/ˈvɪʒn/
h
hat
/hæt/
m
man
/mæn/
n
now
/naʊ/
ŋ
sing
/sɪŋ/
l
leg
/leɡ/
r
red
/red/
j
yes
/jes/
w
wet
/wet/






The symbol (r) indicates that British pronunciation will have /r/ only if a vowel sound follows directly at the beginning of the next word, as in far away; otherwise the /r/ is omitted. For American English, all the /r/ sounds should be pronounced.
/x/ represents a fricative sound as in /lɒx/ for Scottish loch, Irish lough.
Vowels and diphthongs
see
/siː/
i
happy
/ˈhæpi/
ɪ
sit
/sɪt/
e
ten
/ten/
æ
cat
/kæt/
ɑː
father
/ˈfɑːðə(r)/
ɒ
got
/ɡɒt/ (British English)
ɔː
saw
/sɔː/
ʊ
put
/pʊt/
u
actual
/ˈæktʃuəl/
too
/tuː/
ʌ
cup
/kʌp/
ɜː
fur
/fɜː(r)/
ə
about
/əˈbaʊt/
say
/seɪ/
əʊ
go
/ɡəʊ/ (British English)
go
/ɡoʊ/ (American English)
my
/maɪ/
ɔɪ
boy
/bɔɪ/
now
/naʊ/
ɪə
near
/nɪə(r)/ (British English)
hair
/heə(r)/ (British English)
ʊə
pure
/pjʊə(r)/ (British English)

 
 






Many British speakers use /ɔː/ instead of the diphthong /ʊə/, especially in common words, so that sure becomes /ʃɔː(r)/, etc. The sound /ɒ/ does not occur in American English, and words which have this vowel in British pronunciation will instead have /ɑː/ or /ɔː/ in American English. For instance, got is /ɡɒt/ in British English, but /ɡɑːt / in American English, while dog is British /dɒɡ/, American /dɑːɡ/. The three diphthongs /ɪə eə ʊə/ are found only in British English. In corresponding places, American English has a simple vowel followed by /r/, so near is /nɪr/, hair is /her/, and pure is /pjʊr/.
Nasalized vowels, marked with //, may be retained in certain words taken from French, as in penchant /ˈpɒ̃ʃɒ̃/, coq au vin /ˌkɒk əʊ ˈvæ̃/.

ˈ
main stress
/ˌek.spekˈteɪ.ʃən/ expectation
ˌ
secondary stress
/ˌriːˈtell/ retell
.
syllable division
/ˈsɪs.təm/ system

No comments:

Post a Comment