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Monday, October 26, 2015

How to write citation in text?



APA in-text citations
Write the author’s last name. And the year of publication. Do not include the month of publication.
One author and no direct quote: You can write the author's last name inside or outside the parenthesis depending on what works best for you and your text.
Patel (2012) has shown that, in this context, the ideas and suggestions from the people involved are important.
or:
In this context, the ideas and suggestions from the people involved are important (Patel, 2012).


One author and a direct quote: Same as above and you add the page number(s) preceded by “p.” in parentheses after the quotation.
Patel (2012) has shown the "need for human input" (p. 12).
or:
There is a "need for human input" (Patel, 2012, p. 12).
In the second example, the author is not put in the signal phrase. Rather, the author’s name, the year, and the page number is put in parentheses after the direct quote.

MLA in-text citations

MLA is used in the humanities and the arts.

Basic example, page number unknown The author's last name appears either within parentheses or in the running text.
The effects of training has been documented (Smith).
 or:
Smith has reported on the effects of training.
Basic example, page numbers are known Write the author's last name and the page number where you found the quote or the section that you want to refer to. Note that you may write the author's last name in running text or within parentheses.
Johnson showed that "the flow of ideas was immense" (47).
or:
On occasion, "the flow of ideas was immense" (Johnson 47).
or:
Johnson has described the intensity of the flux of thoughts in the creative process (47).
Note that you 

Chicago/Turabian in-text citations

To state your source in the running text, put a superscript number in the text. Then put the reference in a footnote or an endnote, with the same number.

Example, one author (book): In the example below, the source is a book by an author whose last name is Deromond. To refer to it in the running text, first put the superscript number at the end of the sentence (after the period):
Deromond has discussed the dilemma of modern man.1
The first time this source (Deromond) is cited, the footnote/endnote looks like this:
1. Carl Deromond, Fighting the Seas of Trouble: A Study of Modern Man (London: Acumen Books, 2012), 127-128.
The next times this source is cited, the footnote/endnote looks like this (in this particular example below, we are refering to page 134):
2. Deromond, Fighting the Seas, 134.
The full reference, in the list of Works Cited at the end of the text, looks like this:
Deromond, Carl. Fighting the Seas of Trouble: A Study of Modern Man. London: Acumen Books, 2012.

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